Kolkata, or Calcutta as it was formerly known, is a city of incredible beauty and history. Once the capital of British Raj in India, this former trading post of the East India Company has long been renowned for its stunning colonial architecture and art galleries.
It is also home to many vibrant cultural festivals and events, making it a great destination for tourists. Most notably, the city houses the Mother House founded by Nobel Peace Prize laureate Mother Teresa, which has become an enduring symbol of compassion and charity.
History of Kolkata
Kolkata, formerly known as Calcutta, is one of the oldest cities in India. As part of the British Raj, it became an important commercial and political center in the 18th century. During this time, Kolkata experienced a boom in its population and infrastructure; thus making it one of India’s most important cities.
The city has been through a great deal of change since its founding by Job Charnock in 1690. By 1756, Kolkata had become a bustling port city with traders from around the world coming to do business there. In 1772 it was declared India’s capital by Warren Hastings, who also established Fort William as part of a plan to protect against local threats.
Kolkata, formerly known as Calcutta, is the capital of the Indian state of West Bengal. It is located on the east bank of the Hooghly River and has a long and rich history that dates back to 1690 when it was founded by Job Charnock. In 1773, Kolkata became the capital of British India. During the 19th century, Kolkata saw many important events in its history.
In 1817, Kolkata hosted its first municipal elections which were won by Raja Ram Mohon Roy who went on to become a renowned social reformer in India.
In 1854, The University Of Calcutta was established as one of India’s first modern universities and became an important center for education and research in South Asia.
Independence from the British Empire
This city was once the capital of British India and played an integral role in the country’s independence movement. From its colonial heritage to modern Indian culture, Kolkata is a city that embraces change while preserving its past.
During India’s struggle for independence from colonial rule, Kolkata emerged as one of the most prominent sites of anti-colonial protests. The city became a center for political activities organized by notable leaders like Mahatma Gandhi and Subhas Chandra Bose.
Many key events such as demonstrations, rallies and meetings took place in Kolkata during this period. As a result, it gained renown as one of the most important cities in India’s fight for freedom.
Attractions in Kolkata
Kolkata, the capital of West Bengal, is a vibrant city full of culture and history. It is home to many interesting attractions that draw visitors from around the world. From incredible architectural landmarks to art galleries and botanical gardens, there is something for everyone in Kolkata.
The classically designed Victoria Memorial Hall was built to honor Queen Victoria’s reign as Empress of India. The grand structure stands out among the other buildings with its white marble facade and lush green lawns. Visitors can explore its museum’s exhibits which cover different aspects of Indian history such as paintings, coins, manuscripts and sculptures.
Not far away is St Paul’s Cathedral which was established in 1847 by Bishop Daniel Wilson and has been witness to some important political events over the years.
Kolkata, the capital of West Bengal, India, is a vibrant city full of unique cultural experiences. With its rich tradition and history, Kolkata is an ideal destination for visitors who want to experience the culture of India in its true form.
Kolkata has several museums including the Indian Museum and National Library which showcase the history and culture of Kolkata through artefacts and manuscripts. The city also contains several religious sites that attract devotees from all over India such as Kalighat Temple and St Paul’s Cathedral.
Visitors can indulge in traditional arts like puppetry performances at Academy of Fine Arts or enjoy local delicacies such as Phuchka (a type of crispy fried snack).
The city also offers an intriguing mix of both old and new cultures that reflect Kolkata’s rich history.
Local Food Scene
Kolkata, the cultural capital of India, is a paradise for foodies. It has an eclectic mix of traditional and modern culinary delights that appeal to local tastes and tourist palates alike. The city’s vibrant food scene consists of street-side vendors offering hot and spicy snacks to gourmet restaurants serving up French cuisine.
A visit to Kolkata wouldn’t be complete without sampling some of its most popular dishes such as Bengali fish curry, roshogolla (sweet cheese balls in syrup), puchka (puffed rice balls with tamarind water) and luchi (deep fried flatbread).
For those looking for more adventurous options, there are plenty of places to explore. A few favorite hotspots include Golbari, Arsalan, Oh! Calcutta and 6 Ballygunge Place. These eateries offer savoury platters such as Kosha Mangsho (mutton curry) or Ilish Macher Jhol (Hilsa fish curry).
Travel Tips for Visitors
Visiting any new place can be a daunting experience, but with the right tips and knowledge, it doesn’t have to be. Kolkata is an exciting city for tourists to explore, with its ancient temples, lively markets and colonial architecture. Here are some essential travel tips for visitors coming to this vibrant city.
First of all, it’s important to arrive in Kolkata well-prepared with a plan on how to get around and where you’ll stay. Public transportation such as buses and trams are cheap but can be crowded so renting a car or taking an auto rickshaw is recommended if you’re travelling further away from the main sights.
Regarding accommodation options, there are plenty of hotels in all price ranges – depending on your budget – as well as homestays available if you’d like more authentic local experiences.
Mother House & Tomb of Mother Teresa
Kolkata is also home to the inspiring Mother House – headquarters of Missionaries of Charity founded by Nobel Peace Prize laureate Mother Teresa whose tomb lies on site forevermore in honour of her memory.
This place serves as a reminder that no matter what life throws at us we should always strive for compassion and kindness towards our fellow human beings.
Visitors can take part in charitable activities such as helping serve meals at nearby slums or visit a leprosy colony nearby where you can learn more about Mother Teresa’s work first-hand.
About Mother Teresa
Mother Teresa was born Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu on August 26th, 1910 in Skopje, Macedonia. She had a strong connection with God from an early age, and at the age of 18 decided to join the Sisters of Loreto in Dublin.
After completing her novitiate period she was sent to India where she made it her mission to help the poor and destitute.
In 1950 Mother Teresa founded the Missionaries of Charity which became an international religious congregation with members taking vows of chastity, poverty, obedience and free service to the poor.
She dedicated her life to serving those who were disadvantaged or suffering illness without any thought for personal gain or recognition – even being awarded a Nobel Peace Prize did not deter her from her ambition.
Whether you’re looking for centuries-old architecture or vibrant festivals, Kolkata has something for everyone!
From breathtaking art galleries to spiritual sites like Mother House – headquartersof Missionaries of Charity founded by Nobel Peace Prize laureate Mother Teresa – there is plenty to explore when visiting this amazingcity rich with culture and history.
Regardless if your stay is short or long, one thing’s certain – you won’t forget your time spent in Kolkata anytime soon!
Sources: THX News, Wikipedia & Wikitravel.