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Algeria is a country in North Africa having a Mediterranean coast and a Saharan desert interior. Many empires have left legacy in Tipaza, such as the old Roman remains.

Algeria’s capital, Algiers, is located on the country’s Mediterranean coast. The Kasbah, a medina with steep winding lanes, Ottoman mansions, and a ruined fortress, is famed for its whitewashed architecture. 

Two huge minarets flank the 17th-century Ketchaoua Mosque. Marble columns and arches adorn the Great Mosque. Notre-Dame d’Afrique is a clifftop Catholic basilica with a massive silver dome and mosaics.

Angola is a country in Southern Africa with a diverse landscape that includes tropical Atlantic beaches, a maze of rivers, and a Sub-Saharan desert that stretches into Namibia.

Luanda, the capital of Angola, is a port city on Southern Africa’s west coast. The Marginal is a coastal promenade that stretches alongside Luanda Bay. The well-preserved 16th-century Fortress of São Miguel, which today houses the Armed Forces Museum, is nearby.

Views of the port and the Ilha do Cabo, a long, thin peninsula in the bay with beaches, bars, and restaurants, may be seen from the fort.

Benin, a French-speaking West African country, is the birthplace of the vodun (or “voodoo”) religion, as well as the former home of the Dahomey Kingdom from 1600 to 1900.

The Historical Museum in Abomey, Dahomey’s old capital, is housed in two royal palaces with bas-reliefs depicting the kingdom’s history and a throne made of human skulls. Pendjari National Park, to the north, offers elephant, hippos, and lion safaris.

Porto-Novo is the capital of Benin and a port city in West Africa. It’s noted for colonial structures like the Great Mosque, which was once a church and is now a mosque in the Brazilian style. Ceremonial masks, musical instruments, and costumes are on display in the Ethnographic Museum. The Musée da Silva is a museum dedicated to Benin’s history and Afro-Brazilian culture. The Honmé Museum, located to the east, was King Toffa’s 19th-century royal residence.

Burundi, formally the Republic of Burundi, is a landlocked country in the Great Rift Valley, where the Great Lakes region of Africa and East Africa meet.

Burundi’s capital, Gitega, was once known as Kitega. Gitega was the headquarters of the Kingdom of Burundi until its abolition in 1966. It is located in the country’s center, on the Burundian central plateau, some 62 kilometers east of Bujumbura.

Botswana is a landlocked country in Southern Africa with a topography typified by the Kalahari Desert and the Okavango Delta, which is transformed into a lush animal home during seasonal floods. Giraffes, cheetahs, hyenas, and wild dogs live in the vast Central Kalahari Game Reserve, which features fossilized river valleys and undulating grasslands.

Gaborone is Botswana’s capital city. The Gaborone Game Reserve, which protects native wildlife such as wildebeest and impala, as well as resident and migratory birds, is well-known. 

The Mokolodi Nature Reserve, located southwest of the city, is home to rhinos and giraffes. At the crest of Kgale Hill, footpaths lead to city vistas. The National Museum and Art Gallery, located in the city center, houses art and cultural items.

Bouvet Island is a Norwegian protectorate that is designated as an uninhabited nature reserve. It is the world’s most isolated island, as it is a subantarctic volcanic island located in the South Atlantic Ocean at the southern end of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge.

Burkina Faso is a landlocked West African country with a land size of roughly 274,200 square kilometers.

Ouagadougou is Burkina Faso’s capital and the country’s administrative, communications, cultural, and economic hub. It is also the country’s largest metropolis, and the name of the city is sometimes abbreviated to Ouaga. The locals are known as ouagalais.

Cape Verde, sometimes known as Cabo Verde, is an archipelago and island country in the central Atlantic Ocean, consisting of 10 volcanic islands with a total land area of 4,033 square kilometers.

Cape Verde’s capital, Praia, is located off the coast of West Africa. The city is located on Santiago Island’s southern shore. Locals refer to the ancient town center as the “Plateau,” because it is situated on a high region overlooking the Atlantic Ocean.

Quebra Canela and Pranha, both near the Pranha area, are two beaches around the bay. The Achada de Santo António neighborhood is densely packed with shops and eateries.

Cameroon is a Central African country with a diverse landscape and animals, located on the Gulf of Guinea.

Yaoundé, Cameroon’s capital, is built on seven hills. It is located in the country’s southern region. The stunning triangular roof of Notre Dame des Victoires cathedral, built in the twentieth century. The National Museum, housed in the former presidential palace in the Lake Quarter, houses cultural exhibits such as masks and sculptures. Mvog-Betsi Zoo, located further west, is home to primates rescued from the bushmeat trade.

Central African Republic is a landlocked country. The country’s population is estimated to be 4.948 million people.

Bangui, the capital of the Central African Republic, is situated on the Ubangi River’s west bank. Diamonds, cotton, lumber, and coffee are all traded through this popular river port.

The University of Bangui, the National School of Arts, and other scientific and technological research institutes are all located in Bangui. Traditional musical instruments, weapons, village architecture, hunting gear, ceramics, and religious relics are on display in the Boganda Museum in Bangui.

Chad is a landlocked country in north-central Africa that is officially known as the Republic of Chad.

Chad’s capital and largest city is N’Djamena. It is also a distinct legal jurisdiction, organized into ten districts or arrondissements. It’s a regional livestock, salt, dates, and grain market. In 1971, the city of N’Djamena became home to the University of N’Djamena.

The National Museum is affiliated with the National Institute of Human Sciences and houses paleontology, prehistory, and ethnographic collections.

The Comoros is a volcanic archipelago located in the warm Indian Ocean seas of the Mozambique Channel, off Africa’s east coast. Grande Comore (Ngazidja), the largest island in the nation state, is surrounded by beaches and old lava from the active Mt. Karthala volcano.

The capital city is Moroni. It’s on the island of Grande Comore (Ngazidja), which is surrounded by beaches and old lava from Mount Karthala Volcano, which is still active. Carved doorways and the colonnaded Old Friday Mosque around the harbor commemorate the city’s Arab origins. The Comoros National Museum contains exhibits on the country’s cultural and natural history.

Côte d’Ivoire is a West African country known for its beaches, rainforests, and French colonial history. Abidjan, on the country’s Atlantic coast, is the country’s most populous city. 

The ziggurat-like concrete La Pyramide and St. Paul’s Cathedral, a swooping building tied to a gigantic cross, are among the city’s modern icons. Banco National Park, located north of the city’s central business sector, is a rainforest preserve with hiking routes.

The capital of the country is Yamoussoukro. It is located inland, northwest of Abidjan, the country’s economic and cultural center. The massive Basilica of Our Lady of Peace of Yamoussoukro, with its stained-glass windows and soaring dome, is well-known. Félix Houphout-Boigny, the 20th-century president, was born in the city, and his former mansion has a crocodile-infested lagoon.

The Democratic Republic of the Congo, originally Zaire, is a country in Central Africa that is also known as Congo-Kinshasa, DR Congo, the DRC, the DROC, or the Congo. It is the largest country in Sub-Saharan Africa in terms of land area.

Kinshasa, previously Léopoldville, is the Democratic Republic of the Congo’s capital and largest city. It is Africa’s second most populated metropolis, with a population of 15 million people as of 2021.

Djibouti, located on the Horn of Africa, is a dry shrubland country with volcanic landforms and beaches on the Gulf of Aden. The low-lying Lake Assal in the Danakil Desert is home to one of the world’s saltiest bodies of water. 

Along Lake Abbe, a body of saltwater with chimneylike mineral structures, the nomadic Afar people have built communities.

The capital of Djibouti is also called Djibouti. It is located on the southern shore of the Gulf of Tadjoura, a Gulf of Aden entrance. The city is built on three levels (Djibouti, Serpent, and Marabout) connected by jetties and features a mix of old and new buildings. The government palace is located at Menilek Square.

Egypt, a country that connects northeast Africa and the Middle East, dates back to the pharaohs’ reign. The gigantic Pyramids of Giza and the Great Sphinx, as well as Luxor’s hieroglyph-lined Karnak Temple and Valley of the Kings tombs, are among the millennia-old monuments that border the rich Nile River Valley.

Cairo, Egypt’s capital, is located on the Nile River. Tahrir Square and the Egyptian Museum, which houses royal mummies and gilded King Tutankhamun treasures, are at the core of the city. 

Giza, which dates from the 26th century BC, is home to the famous pyramids and Great Sphinx. The 187m Cairo Tower, located in the lush Zamalek area on Gezira Island, offers panoramic views of the city.

Equatorial Guinea consists of the Rio Muni mainland and five volcanic outlying islands in Central Africa.

Malabo, the country’s capital and a hub for the country’s thriving oil sector, is located on Bioko Island and features Spanish colonial architecture. Its Arena Blanca beach attracts butterflies throughout the dry season. Gorillas, chimps, and elephants live in the tropical forest of Monte Alen National Park on the mainland.

Eritrea is a country in northeast Africa that borders the Red Sea. Ethiopia, Sudan, and Djibouti are its neighbors.

Asmara, the capital city, is noted for its Italian colonial architecture, including as St. Joseph’s Cathedral, as well as art deco buildings. Massawa’s architecture reflects the port city’s diverse history with Italian, Egyptian, and Turkish influences. The Imperial Palace and St. Mariam Cathedral are two of the city’s most notable structures.

Eswatini is a landlocked country in Southern Africa, formally known as the Kingdom of Eswatini and formerly known as Swaziland.

Mbabane is a city in Eswatini that serves as the executive capital and is one of the two capitals. It is situated on the Mbabane River and its branch, the Polinjane River, in the Mdzimba Mountains, and has a population of 94,874.

Lobamba is the other capital city. It is the legislative, traditional, and spiritual seat of governance of the Parliament of Eswatini, as well as the residence of Queen Ntfombi, the Queen Mother, Ludzidzini Royal Village. Mswati III lives at the Lozitha Palace, which is roughly 10 kilometers away.

Ethiopia is a hilly, landlocked country in the Horn of Africa, divided by the Great Rift Valley. It’s a place of old culture, with archaeological artifacts dating back over 3 million years. 

Lalibela, with its rock-cut Christian buildings from the 12th–13th centuries, is one of its most important locations. With obelisks, tombs, castles, and the chapel of Our Lady Mary of Zion, Aksum is the remnants of an ancient metropolis.

Ethiopia’s huge capital, Addis Ababa, is the country’s commercial and cultural center, located in the highlands overlooking the Great Rift Valley. 

Ethiopian art, traditional crafts, and prehistoric fossils, including replicas of the famed early hominid “Lucy,” are on display at the National Museum. The copper-domed Holy Trinity Cathedral, where Emperor Haile Selassie is buried, is a neo-baroque architectural monument.

Gabon, a country on Central Africa’s Atlantic coast, features large sections of protected parkland. Loango National Park, with its forested coastal landscape, is home to a diverse range of animals, including gorillas, hippos, and whales. Lopé National Park is primarily made up of rainforest. The mangroves and tidal beaches of Akanda National Park are well-known.

Gabon’s main city, Libreville, is located on the Central African coast. Parks and statues line the beachfront boulevard. Tribal items, like as masks and wood-carved antiques, are on display at the National Museum of Arts and Tradition.

The huge Presidential Palace, located nearby, was built in the 1970s. The open-air market in Mont-Bout sells everything from household items to local produce to traditional medicine.

The Gambia is a small West African country with a limited Atlantic coastline that is bordered by Senegal. It’s recognized for the varied habitats that surround the Gambia River in the center.

Monkeys, leopards, hippos, hyenas, and uncommon birds are among the abundant species in its Kiang West National Park and Bao Bolong Wetland Reserve.

Banjul, the capital, is located on an island where the Gambia River and the Atlantic Ocean meet. The National Museum, which is dedicated to Gambian culture and history, is one of the colonial structures.

Colorful fabrics and local vegetables are sold by vendors at the bustling Albert Market. The massive, columned Arch 22 gateway serves as the city’s principal entrance.

Ghana is a country in West Africa, formally known as the Republic of Ghana. To the south, it stretches from the Gulf of Guinea to the Atlantic Ocean.

Ghana’s capital, Accra, is located on the Atlantic coast. Kwame Nkrumah Memorial Park is dedicated to Ghana’s first president, Kwame Nkrumah, who was instrumental in the country’s independence. The park houses Nkrumah’s mausoleum as well as a museum dedicated to his life. The city’s huge, colorful bazaar is known as Makola Market. Labadi Beach and Kokrobite Beach are popular seaside destinations with golden sand and a vibrant nightlife.

Guinea is a West African country with the Atlantic Ocean to its west. Mount Nimba Strict Nature Reserve, in the southeast, is well-known. The reserve protects a forested mountain range that is home to chimpanzees and the viviparous toad, among other native plants and animals.

Conakry, the capital city on the coast, houses the modern Grand Mosque as well as the National Museum, which houses regional antiques.

The city is located on the Kaloum Peninsula, which juts out into the Atlantic Ocean. The Loos Islands, located just offshore, are famed for their beaches, lush palm groves, and water sports. The massive Grand Mosque in town boasts four lofty, magnificent minarets. The vast Botanical Garden, located next to the mosque, is home to kapok trees and tropical flora.

Guinea-Bissau is a tropical country with national parks and wildlife on West Africa’s Atlantic coast. The Bijagós archipelago, which is forested and scarcely populated, is a protected biosphere reserve.

Bubaque, the major island, is part of the Orango Islands National Park, which is home to saltwater hippos. Bissau, the capital on the mainland, is a harbor city featuring Portuguese colonial structures in the old city center.

Bissau is the capital of Guinea-Bissau, which is located on the west African coast. It is located near the confluence of the Geba River and the Atlantic Ocean. The historic city core of Bissau, Bissau Velho, is littered with decaying Portuguese colonial structures. 

Fortaleza d’Amura is a nearby historic fort that is still in use by the country’s military. The war-damaged former Presidential Palace features a neoclassical facade up the road.

Kenya is an East African country with an Indian Ocean coastline. Savannah, lakelands, the majestic Great Rift Valley, and alpine highlands are also part of it. It’s also home to lions, elephants, and rhinos, among other animals.

Safaris depart from Nairobi, the capital, and visit the Maasai Mara Reserve, which is famous for its yearly wildebeest migrations, as well as Amboseli National Park, which offers views of Tanzania’s 5,895-meter Mt. Kilimanjaro.

Lesotho, a high-altitude landlocked monarchy surrounded by South Africa, is crisscrossed by a network of rivers and mountain ranges, including the 3,482-meter-high Thabana Ntlenyana peak.

Ruins from King Moshoeshoe I’s reign in the 19th century can be found on the Thaba Bosiu plateau near Maseru, Lesotho’s capital. The majestic Mount Qiloane, a lasting symbol of the nation’s Basotho people, is seen from Thaba Bosiu.

Liberia is a West African country bordered by Sierra Leone, Guinea, and Côte d’Ivoire.

The Liberia National Museum, with displays on national culture and history, is located on the Atlantic coast in Monrovia, Liberia’s capital city. Silver and CeCe are two palm-lined beaches in Monrovia.

Beach communities along the coast include the port of Buchanan and the laid-back Robertsport, which is famed for its high surf.

Libya, formally the State of Libya, is a country in North Africa’s Maghreb area, surrounded to the north by the Mediterranean Sea.

Libya’s capital and largest city is Tripoli. It is situated on the outskirts of the desert in northwest Libya, on a rocky outcropping jutting into the Mediterranean Sea and forming a bay.

Madagascar, formally the Republic of Madagascar and formerly the Malagasy Republic, is an island country in the Indian Ocean about 400 kilometers off the coast of East Africa across the Mozambique Channel.

Antananarivo, Madagascar’s capital, is located in the island’s Central Highlands. From the 17th century, the Rova of Antananarivo castle complex, which overlooks the city, was the center of the Merina monarchy. There are wooden buildings and royal graves in this area. In the adjacent Haute Ville area, the pink baroque Andafiavaratra Palace may be found. The heart-shaped Lake Anosy is surrounded by jacaranda trees in the city center.

Malawi, a landlocked country in southeastern Africa, is distinguished by its highlands, which are divided by the Great Rift Valley and the massive Lake Malawi. The lake’s southern end is part of Lake Malawi National Park, which is home to a variety of animals ranging from colorful fish to baboons, and its crystal blue waters are popular for diving and boating. The beach resorts of Peninsular Cape Maclear are well-known.

Malawi’s capital, Lilongwe, is located on the Lilongwe River. The Lilongwe Wildlife Centre’s heart is made up of wooded paths. Rescued and injured animals, such as lions, monkeys, and crocodiles, are housed in this refuge. 

The Old Town section is densely packed with shops, pubs, and restaurants. The 21st-century Chinese-built Parliament building is located in the Capital City district, often known as City Centre.

Mali is a landlocked country in West Africa, formally known as the Republic of Mali. Mali is Africa’s eighth-largest country, with a population of about 21 million people.

Bamako is Mali’s capital and largest city, with a population of 1,810,366 in 2009 and a projected population of 2.71 million by 2020. It’s near the rapids that separate the upper and middle Niger basins in the southwestern section of the country, on the Niger River. Bamako serves as the country’s administrative capital.

Mauritania is a sovereign state in Northwest Africa, formally known as the Islamic Republic of Mauritania.

Mauritania’s capital and largest city is Nouakchott. It is one of the largest cities in the Sahel and is situated on a plateau where the Sahara Desert meets the Atlantic Ocean. The city also acts as Mauritania’s administrative and economic center. The city is situated on a plateau where the Atlantic Ocean meets the Sahara Desert.

Mauritius is a small island republic in the Indian Ocean famed for its beaches, lagoons, and reefs. Black River Gorges National Park, with rainforests, waterfalls, hiking paths, and animals like as the flying fox, is located in the hilly interior.

The Champs de Mars horse race track, the Eureka plantation home, and the 18th-century Sir Seewoosagur Ramgoolam Botanical Gardens are all located in the capital of Port Louis. The Caudan Waterfront is a bustling shopping and dining district. Nearby, at the massive Central Market, traders sell local goods and handicrafts. The Blue Penny Museum is dedicated to the island’s historical, marine, and cultural history.

Mayotte is an archipelago in the Indian Ocean that lies between Madagascar and Mozambique’s coast. Though traditional Mayotte culture is most closely related to that of the nearby Comoros islands, it is a department and Region of France.

A coral barrier reef surrounds the Mayotte archipelago, protecting a lagoon and marine reserve that are famous diving spots.

Mamoudzou is the coastal capital of Mayotte, a French overseas territory located in the Indian Ocean. The nearby Marché Couvert sells fresh vegetables and handicrafts, and the harbor is lined with boats.

Mtsapéré Mosque, with its white minaret, and the 1957 Notre-Dame de Fatima chapel are both local sights. Trévani, to the north, and the little Plage du Phare, to the south, are two nearby beaches.

Morocco, a North African country bordering the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea, is known for its cultural influences of Berber, Arabian, and European. The Djemaa el-Fna square in Marrakesh’s medina, a mazelike medieval enclave, offers entertainment as well as souks (marketplaces) selling pottery, jewelry, and metal lanterns.

The Kasbah of the Udayas in Rabat, Morocco’s capital, is a 12th-century royal fort overlooking the water. The Kasbah of the Udayas is one of the city’s most famous landmarks, which pays homage to the city’s Islamic and French colonial histories. This Berber-era royal fort overlooks the coast and is encircled by elegant French-designed gardens. The Hassan Tower, a 12th-century tower that climbs over the ruins of a mosque, is the city’s most famous landmark.

Mozambique is a country in southern Africa with a lengthy Indian Ocean coastline lined with tourist beaches such as Tofo and offshore marine parks.

The mangrove-covered Ibo Island in the Quirimbas Archipelago, a 250-kilometer chain of coral islands, features colonial-era ruins from a period of Portuguese dominion. Further south, the Bazaruto Archipelago includes reefs that safeguard endangered marine species, including dugongs.

Maputo, the capital of Mozambique in East Africa, is a port on the Indian Ocean with surviving Portuguese colonial buildings. The downtown Baixa district, which is bordered with jacaranda trees, has many turn-of-the-century structures.

In 1916, for example, the bronze-domed CFM Maputo Railway Station was completed. A large Municipal Market can also be found in the Baixa. In the neighboring Praça da Independência square lies the neoclassical City Hall.

Namibia is a country in southwest Africa known for the Namib Desert, which runs along its Atlantic Ocean coast. The country is home to a rich range of animals, including a large population of cheetahs. The salt pan in Etosha National Park in the north attracts wildlife such as rhinoceros and giraffes.

Namibia’s capital, Windhoek, is located in the country’s central highlands. The enormous Heroes’ Acre battle memorial, located south of the city, celebrates Namibia’s 1990 independence.

The 1890’s Alte Feste, a former military headquarters with historical exhibits, and the Independence Memorial Museum are located on a hilltop in the city center. Nearby structures, such as the sandstone Lutheran Christus Church, have colonial elements.

The Republic of the Niger, also known as Niger, is a landlocked country in West Africa named after the Niger River. The country’s population has been rapidly increasing, with a population of over 25.5 million expected in December 2021.

Niamey is Niger’s capital and largest city. Niamey is mostly located on the Niger River’s east bank. The tall Niamey’s Grand Mosque, which was completed in the 1970s, and the Musée National du Niger are the main landmarks.

Nigeria, a country in Africa on the Gulf of Guinea, is home to numerous natural wonders and animal reserves. Waterfalls, deep rain forest, savanna, and uncommon primate habitats can be found in protected locations like Cross River National Park and Yankari National Park.

Abuja, the capital, was mostly constructed in the 1980s and is dominated by Aso Rock, a massive monolith. It rises behind the Presidential Complex, which houses the Nigerian president’s residence and offices in the Three Arms Zone on the city’s eastern outskirts. The National Assembly and the Supreme Court of Nigeria are both close by.

The Congo Republic, often known as Congo-Brazzaville, is a central African country with rainforest reserves that serve as gorilla habitat.

Brazzaville, the country’s capital, is located across the Congo River from Kinshasa, the capital of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Traditional craft markets and the Basilique Sainte-Anne, with its green-tiled roof and spire, are two of Brazzaville’s highlights.

The Congo Rapids are located just outside of town. In the city center, the cylindrical Nabemba Tower overlooks the river. The remains of the city’s founder are housed in the marble Pierre Savorgnan de Brazza Memorial. The Modernist Basilique Sainte-Anne is nearby.

The volcanic, rainforested interior, coral reefs, and beaches of Réunion Island, a French department in the Indian Ocean, are well-known. Piton de la Fournaise, a climbable active volcano with a height of 2,632 meters, is the city’s most famous landmark (8,635 ft.).

Climbing is also possible at Piton des Neiges, a gigantic extinct volcano, and Réunion’s three calderas (natural amphitheaters caused by collapsed volcanoes).

The capital of Réunion Island is Saint-Denis. It’s famous for its Creole-style houses, which reflect the city’s colonial past. Maison Carrère is a house museum with period furniture on Rue de Paris, which is flanked with 19th century buildings. The Musée Léon Dierx, housed in a former bishop’s palace, exhibits modern art by Picasso and Gauguin.

Rwanda, formally the Republic of Rwanda, is a landlocked country in East Africa’s Great Rift Valley, where the African Great Lakes region meets East Africa.

Kigali, the country’s capital, is roughly in the center. It features a busy restaurant and entertainment scene and sprawls across various hills, peaks, and valleys. The Kigali Genocide Memorial commemorates Rwanda’s mass executions in 1994, which were linked to the country’s civil war. 

There are many stalls offering traditional handicrafts, woodcarvings and woven baskets in the city’s Caplaki Crafts Village.

Sao Tomé and Principe, an African island republic in the equator, is part of a volcano chain with dramatic rock and coral formations, lush jungles, and sandy beaches. The capital, So Tomé, is located on the larger island. Its name means “Saint Thomas” in Portuguese. It is one of Africa’s oldest colonial cities, having been founded in the 15th century.

Pico Co Grande, a skyscraper-like volcanic rock, stands out in the bo Natural Park, a biodiverse rainforest preserve that spans part of So Tomé.

Sao Tomé is the capital and largest city of So Tomé and Prncipe, a Central African island nation. Its name means “Saint Thomas” in Portuguese. It is one of Africa’s oldest colonial cities, having been founded in the 15th century.

Senegal is a country in West Africa that is formally known as the Republic of Senegal. The country’s population is estimated to be around 17.36 million people.

Senegal’s capital, Dakar, is located in West Africa. On the Cap-Vert peninsula, it is an Atlantic port. The Grande Mosquée, with its high minaret, is located in the ancient Médina district.

Clothing, drums, carvings, and tools are among the cultural objects on display at the Musée Théodore Monod. The bustling nightlife of the city is influenced by the indigenous mbalax music.

The Seychelles is a 115-island archipelago off the coast of East Africa in the Indian Ocean. Numerous beaches, coral reefs, and nature reserves may be found here, as well as unusual wildlife like huge Aldabra tortoises.

Victoria, the capital of Mahé, is a center for visiting the other islands. It also has beaches like Beau Vallon and Anse Takamaka, as well as the alpine rainforests of Morne Seychellois National Park.

Sierra Leone is a West African country on the Atlantic Ocean. The Freetown Peninsula is famed for its white-sand beaches.

The Cotton Tree landmark and King’s Yard Gate in Freetown, the country’s capital, symbolize the country’s slave-trade history. In the 18th and 19th centuries, both were regarded as havens for escaped slaves. Bunce Island, which was close by, was a major departure site for slaves.

Somalia is a country in the Horn of Africa that is officially known as the Federal Republic of Somalia.

Mogadishu, also known as Xamar or Hamar in Somalia, is the country’s capital and most populated city. For millennia, the city has served as an important harbor linking traders from all across the Indian Ocean.

South Africa is a country on the African continent’s southernmost tip, with various diverse ecosystems. Big game abounds in Kruger National Park, an inland safari destination. The Garden Route in the Western Cape features beaches, luscious winelands near Stellenbosch and Paarl, jagged cliffs at the Cape of Good Hope, forest, and lagoons.

Pretoria, sometimes known as Tshwane, is one of South Africa’s three capital cities and the headquarters of the executive branch of government as well as the home of all foreign embassies in the country. The legislative capital is Cape Town, whereas the judicial capital is Bloemfontein.

South Sudan is a landlocked country in east/central Africa, formally known as the Republic of South Sudan. The country’s population is estimated to be around 11.38 million people (December 2021).

Juba is South Sudan’s capital and largest city. On the White Nile, the city also serves as the capital of the Central Equatoria State. It is the world’s most recent capital.

Sudan is a country in northeast Africa, formally known as the Sudanese Republic. Sudan is the name given to a geographical region ranging from Western Africa to Eastern Central Africa to the south of the Sahara.

Khartoum, sometimes known as Khartum, is Sudan’s capital and largest city. The White Nile, which flows north from Lake Victoria, and the Blue Nile, which flows west from Lake Tana in Ethiopia, meet near Khartoum.

Tanzania is a country in East Africa known for its large wilderness regions. They include the Serengeti National Park plains, which are home to Africa’s highest mountain, Kilimanjaro, and the “big five” animals (elephant, lion, leopard, buffalo, and rhino).

Offshore are the tropical islands of Zanzibar and Mafia, which have Arabic influences and a marine park with whale sharks and coral reefs.

Dodoma is the capital of Tanzania’s Dodoma Region and the country’s national capital. It was founded in 1907 by German colonists while the Tanzanian central railway was being built.

Togo is a West African country famed for its palm-lined beaches and hilltop communities on the Gulf of Guinea. The Batammariba people live in Koutammakou, a traditional village of fortress-like clay huts dating from the 17th century.

The Grand Marché bazaar and the Fetish Market in Lomé‘s capital sell traditional talismans and remedies related to the vodun (voodoo) religion.

A manicured traffic roundabout surrounds the centerpiece Independence Monument. The National Museum, housed in the neighboring Congressional Palace, features West African jewelry, masks, musical instruments, and pottery. The Akodésséwa Fetish Market, located to the northeast, sells voodoo goods like as animal skins and skulls.

Tunisia is Africa’s northernmost country, formally known as the Republic of Tunisia.

Tunis is the capital city. It is located beside Lake Tunis, slightly inland from the Gulf of Tunis on the Mediterranean Sea. A centuries-old medina and the Bardo, an archeological museum with famed Roman mosaics housed in a 15th-century palace complex, are both located here. Ancient Carthage’s parklike ruins can be found in the city’s northern suburbs.

Uganda is a landlocked East African country with a varied terrain that includes the snow-capped Rwenzori Mountains and the massive Lake Victoria. Chimpanzees and unusual birds are among the rich biodiversity.

The mountain gorilla sanctuary of Bwindi Impenetrable National Park is located in the remote Bwindi Impenetrable Forest. Murchison Falls National Park, located in the northwest, is famed for its 43-meter-high waterfall and fauna, including hippos.

Kampala is the country’s capital. It is Uganda’s national and commercial capital, located on the shores of Africa’s largest lake, Lake Victoria. An metropolitan center of contemporary skyscrapers is surrounded by hills covered in red-tile villas and trees. The Uganda Museum, located in this downtown neighborhood, showcases the country’s tribal origins through an enormous collection of artifacts. Lubiri Palace, the former palace of the Buganda Kingdom, is located on adjacent Mengo Hill.

Western Sahara is a disputed territory on North and West Africa’s northwest coast and in the Maghreb region. The self-proclaimed Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic controls about 20% of the territory, while Morocco occupies and administers the remaining 80%.

The largest city in the disputed territory of Western Sahara is Laâyoune, also known as El Aain. Morocco is in charge of the city in a de facto capacity. Antonio de Oro, a Spanish commander, is thought to have founded the present city in 1938.

Zambia is a landlocked country in southern Africa with harsh terrain and diverse wildlife, as well as numerous parks and safari sites. The famous Victoria Falls – locally known as Mosi-oa-Tunya, or “Smoke That Thunders” – are located on the country’s border with Zimbabwe, plummeting a foggy 108 meters into the tiny Batoka Gorge. Victoria Falls Bridge, across the Zambezi River immediately below the falls, offers a beautiful vista.

Zambia’s capital city is Lusaka. The sprawling Lusaka City Market in the heart of the city sells apparel, vegetables, and other things. Archaeological artifacts and contemporary art are on display in the National Museum. The Freedom Statue, located nearby, honors Zambia’s struggle for freedom.

Munda Wanga Environmental Park, located south of the city, contains a wildlife refuge and botanical park. Orphaned elephants are cared for in the Lilayi Elephant Nursery.

Zimbabwe is a landlocked country in southern Africa with a spectacular scenery and abundant wildlife, much of which is contained within parks, reserves, and safari regions.

Victoria Falls, on the Zambezi River, plunge 108 meters into the Batoka Gorge, where white-water rafting and bungee jumping are available. Matusadona and Mana Pools national parks, located downstream, are home to hippos, rhinos, and a variety of birds.

Zimbabwe’s capital is Harare. The National Gallery of Zimbabwe, located on the outskirts of the manicured Harare Gardens, houses a huge collection of African contemporary art as well as traditional items such as baskets, fabrics, jewelry, and musical instruments. 

Epworth Balancing Rocks is a unique granite feature located southeast of the city. Mukuvisi Woodlands, which contains bike routes and a bird park, is home to zebras and giraffes.