African News

Algeria

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Angola

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Benin

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Burundi

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Botswana

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Bouvet Island

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Burkina Faso

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Cabo Verde

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Cameroon

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C. A. R.

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Chad

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Comoros

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Ivory Coast

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DR of the Congo

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Djibouti

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Egypt

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Equ. Guinea

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Eritrea

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Eswatini

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Ethiopia

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Gabon

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Gambia

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Ghana

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Guinea

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Guinea-Bissau

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Kenya

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Lesotho

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Liberia

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Libya

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Madagascar

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Malawi

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Mali

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Mauritania

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Mauritius

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Mayotte

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Morocco

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Mozambique

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Namibia

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Niger

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Nigeria

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R. of the Congo

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Reunion Island

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Rwanda

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Sao Tome & P.

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Senegal

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Seychelles

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Sierra Leone

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Somalia

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South Africa

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South Sudan

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Sudan

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Tanzania

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Togo

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Tunisia

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Uganda

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Western Sahara

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Zambia

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Zimbabwe

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Algeria is a country in North Africa having a Mediterranean coast and a Saharan desert interior. Many empires have left legacy in Tipaza, such as the old Roman remains.

Algeria’s capital, Algiers, is located on the country’s Mediterranean coast. The Kasbah, a medina with steep winding lanes, Ottoman mansions, and a ruined fortress, is famed for its whitewashed architecture. 

Two huge minarets flank the 17th-century Ketchaoua Mosque. Marble columns and arches adorn the Great Mosque. Notre-Dame d’Afrique is a clifftop Catholic basilica with a massive silver dome and mosaics.

Angola is a country in Southern Africa with a diverse landscape that includes tropical Atlantic beaches, a maze of rivers, and a Sub-Saharan desert that stretches into Namibia.

Luanda, the capital of Angola, is a port city on Southern Africa’s west coast. The Marginal is a coastal promenade that stretches alongside Luanda Bay. The well-preserved 16th-century Fortress of São Miguel, which today houses the Armed Forces Museum, is nearby.

Views of the port and the Ilha do Cabo, a long, thin peninsula in the bay with beaches, bars, and restaurants, may be seen from the fort.

Benin, a French-speaking West African country, is the birthplace of the vodun (or “voodoo”) religion, as well as the former home of the Dahomey Kingdom from 1600 to 1900.

The Historical Museum in Abomey, Dahomey’s old capital, is housed in two royal palaces with bas-reliefs depicting the kingdom’s history and a throne made of human skulls. Pendjari National Park, to the north, offers elephant, hippos, and lion safaris.

Porto-Novo is the capital of Benin and a port city in West Africa. It’s noted for colonial structures like the Great Mosque, which was once a church and is now a mosque in the Brazilian style. Ceremonial masks, musical instruments, and costumes are on display in the Ethnographic Museum. The Musée da Silva is a museum dedicated to Benin’s history and Afro-Brazilian culture. The Honmé Museum, located to the east, was King Toffa’s 19th-century royal residence.

Burundi, formally the Republic of Burundi, is a landlocked country in the Great Rift Valley, where the Great Lakes region of Africa and East Africa meet.

Burundi’s capital, Gitega, was once known as Kitega. Gitega was the headquarters of the Kingdom of Burundi until its abolition in 1966. It is located in the country’s center, on the Burundian central plateau, some 62 kilometers east of Bujumbura.

Botswana is a landlocked country in Southern Africa with a topography typified by the Kalahari Desert and the Okavango Delta, which is transformed into a lush animal home during seasonal floods. Giraffes, cheetahs, hyenas, and wild dogs live in the vast Central Kalahari Game Reserve, which features fossilized river valleys and undulating grasslands.

Gaborone is Botswana’s capital city. The Gaborone Game Reserve, which protects native wildlife such as wildebeest and impala, as well as resident and migratory birds, is well-known. 

The Mokolodi Nature Reserve, located southwest of the city, is home to rhinos and giraffes. At the crest of Kgale Hill, footpaths lead to city vistas. The National Museum and Art Gallery, located in the city center, houses art and cultural items.

Bouvet Island is a Norwegian protectorate that is designated as an uninhabited nature reserve. It is the world’s most isolated island, as it is a subantarctic volcanic island located in the South Atlantic Ocean at the southern end of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge.

Burkina Faso is a landlocked West African country with a land size of roughly 274,200 square kilometers.

Ouagadougou is Burkina Faso’s capital and the country’s administrative, communications, cultural, and economic hub. It is also the country’s largest metropolis, and the name of the city is sometimes abbreviated to Ouaga. The locals are known as ouagalais.

Cape Verde, sometimes known as Cabo Verde, is an archipelago and island country in the central Atlantic Ocean, consisting of 10 volcanic islands with a total land area of 4,033 square kilometers.

Cape Verde’s capital, Praia, is located off the coast of West Africa. The city is located on Santiago Island’s southern shore. Locals refer to the ancient town center as the “Plateau,” because it is situated on a high region overlooking the Atlantic Ocean.

Quebra Canela and Pranha, both near the Pranha area, are two beaches around the bay. The Achada de Santo António neighborhood is densely packed with shops and eateries.

Cameroon is a Central African country with a diverse landscape and animals, located on the Gulf of Guinea.

Yaoundé, Cameroon’s capital, is built on seven hills. It is located in the country’s southern region. The stunning triangular roof of Notre Dame des Victoires cathedral, built in the twentieth century. The National Museum, housed in the former presidential palace in the Lake Quarter, houses cultural exhibits such as masks and sculptures. Mvog-Betsi Zoo, located further west, is home to primates rescued from the bushmeat trade.

Central African Republic is a landlocked country. The country’s population is estimated to be 4.948 million people.

Bangui, the capital of the Central African Republic, is situated on the Ubangi River’s west bank. Diamonds, cotton, lumber, and coffee are all traded through this popular river port.

The University of Bangui, the National School of Arts, and other scientific and technological research institutes are all located in Bangui. Traditional musical instruments, weapons, village architecture, hunting gear, ceramics, and religious relics are on display in the Boganda Museum in Bangui.

Chad is a landlocked country in north-central Africa that is officially known as the Republic of Chad.

Chad’s capital and largest city is N’Djamena. It is also a distinct legal jurisdiction, organized into ten districts or arrondissements. It’s a regional livestock, salt, dates, and grain market. In 1971, the city of N’Djamena became home to the University of N’Djamena.

The National Museum is affiliated with the National Institute of Human Sciences and houses paleontology, prehistory, and ethnographic collections.

The Comoros is a volcanic archipelago located in the warm Indian Ocean seas of the Mozambique Channel, off Africa’s east coast. Grande Comore (Ngazidja), the largest island in the nation state, is surrounded by beaches and old lava from the active Mt. Karthala volcano.

The capital city is Moroni. It’s on the island of Grande Comore (Ngazidja), which is surrounded by beaches and old lava from Mount Karthala Volcano, which is still active. Carved doorways and the colonnaded Old Friday Mosque around the harbor commemorate the city’s Arab origins. The Comoros National Museum contains exhibits on the country’s cultural and natural history.

Côte d’Ivoire is a West African country known for its beaches, rainforests, and French colonial history. Abidjan, on the country’s Atlantic coast, is the country’s most populous city. 

The ziggurat-like concrete La Pyramide and St. Paul’s Cathedral, a swooping building tied to a gigantic cross, are among the city’s modern icons. Banco National Park, located north of the city’s central business sector, is a rainforest preserve with hiking routes.

The capital of the country is Yamoussoukro. It is located inland, northwest of Abidjan, the country’s economic and cultural center. The massive Basilica of Our Lady of Peace of Yamoussoukro, with its stained-glass windows and soaring dome, is well-known. Félix Houphout-Boigny, the 20th-century president, was born in the city, and his former mansion has a crocodile-infested lagoon.

The Democratic Republic of the Congo, originally Zaire, is a country in Central Africa that is also known as Congo-Kinshasa, DR Congo, the DRC, the DROC, or the Congo. It is the largest country in Sub-Saharan Africa in terms of land area.

Kinshasa, previously Léopoldville, is the Democratic Republic of the Congo’s capital and largest city. It is Africa’s second most populated metropolis, with a population of 15 million people as of 2021.

Djibouti, located on the Horn of Africa, is a dry shrubland country with volcanic landforms and beaches on the Gulf of Aden. The low-lying Lake Assal in the Danakil Desert is home to one of the world’s saltiest bodies of water. 

Along Lake Abbe, a body of saltwater with chimneylike mineral structures, the nomadic Afar people have built communities.

The capital of Djibouti is also called Djibouti. It is located on the southern shore of the Gulf of Tadjoura, a Gulf of Aden entrance. The city is built on three levels (Djibouti, Serpent, and Marabout) connected by jetties and features a mix of old and new buildings. The government palace is located at Menilek Square.

Egypt, a country that connects northeast Africa and the Middle East, dates back to the pharaohs’ reign. The gigantic Pyramids of Giza and the Great Sphinx, as well as Luxor’s hieroglyph-lined Karnak Temple and Valley of the Kings tombs, are among the millennia-old monuments that border the rich Nile River Valley.

Cairo, Egypt’s capital, is located on the Nile River. Tahrir Square and the Egyptian Museum, which houses royal mummies and gilded King Tutankhamun treasures, are at the core of the city. 

Giza, which dates from the 26th century BC, is home to the famous pyramids and Great Sphinx. The 187m Cairo Tower, located in the lush Zamalek area on Gezira Island, offers panoramic views of the city.

Equatorial Guinea consists of the Rio Muni mainland and five volcanic outlying islands in Central Africa.

Malabo, the country’s capital and a hub for the country’s thriving oil sector, is located on Bioko Island and features Spanish colonial architecture. Its Arena Blanca beach attracts butterflies throughout the dry season. Gorillas, chimps, and elephants live in the tropical forest of Monte Alen National Park on the mainland.

Eritrea is a country in northeast Africa that borders the Red Sea. Ethiopia, Sudan, and Djibouti are its neighbors.

Asmara, the capital city, is noted for its Italian colonial architecture, including as St. Joseph’s Cathedral, as well as art deco buildings. Massawa’s architecture reflects the port city’s diverse history with Italian, Egyptian, and Turkish influences. The Imperial Palace and St. Mariam Cathedral are two of the city’s most notable structures.

Eswatini is a landlocked country in Southern Africa, formally known as the Kingdom of Eswatini and formerly known as Swaziland.

Mbabane is a city in Eswatini that serves as the executive capital and is one of the two capitals. It is situated on the Mbabane River and its branch, the Polinjane River, in the Mdzimba Mountains, and has a population of 94,874.

Lobamba is the other capital city. It is the legislative, traditional, and spiritual seat of governance of the Parliament of Eswatini, as well as the residence of Queen Ntfombi, the Queen Mother, Ludzidzini Royal Village. Mswati III lives at the Lozitha Palace, which is roughly 10 kilometers away.

Ethiopia is a hilly, landlocked country in the Horn of Africa, divided by the Great Rift Valley. It’s a place of old culture, with archaeological artifacts dating back over 3 million years. 

Lalibela, with its rock-cut Christian buildings from the 12th–13th centuries, is one of its most important locations. With obelisks, tombs, castles, and the chapel of Our Lady Mary of Zion, Aksum is the remnants of an ancient metropolis.

Ethiopia’s huge capital, Addis Ababa, is the country’s commercial and cultural center, located in the highlands overlooking the Great Rift Valley. 

Ethiopian art, traditional crafts, and prehistoric fossils, including replicas of the famed early hominid “Lucy,” are on display at the National Museum. The copper-domed Holy Trinity Cathedral, where Emperor Haile Selassie is buried, is a neo-baroque architectural monument.

Gabon, a country on Central Africa’s Atlantic coast, features large sections of protected parkland. Loango National Park, with its forested coastal landscape, is home to a diverse range of animals, including gorillas, hippos, and whales. Lopé National Park is primarily made up of rainforest. The mangroves and tidal beaches of Akanda National Park are well-known.

Gabon’s main city, Libreville, is located on the Central African coast. Parks and statues line the beachfront boulevard. Tribal items, like as masks and wood-carved antiques, are on display at the National Museum of Arts and Tradition.

The huge Presidential Palace, located nearby, was built in the 1970s. The open-air market in Mont-Bout sells everything from household items to local produce to traditional medicine.

The Gambia is a small West African country with a limited Atlantic coastline that is bordered by Senegal. It’s recognized for the varied habitats that surround the Gambia River in the center.

Monkeys, leopards, hippos, hyenas, and uncommon birds are among the abundant species in its Kiang West National Park and Bao Bolong Wetland Reserve.

Banjul, the capital, is located on an island where the Gambia River and the Atlantic Ocean meet. The National Museum, which is dedicated to Gambian culture and history, is one of the colonial structures.

Colorful fabrics and local vegetables are sold by vendors at the bustling Albert Market. The massive, columned Arch 22 gateway serves as the city’s principal entrance.

Ghana is a country in West Africa, formally known as the Republic of Ghana. To the south, it stretches from the Gulf of Guinea to the Atlantic Ocean.

Ghana’s capital, Accra, is located on the Atlantic coast. Kwame Nkrumah Memorial Park is dedicated to Ghana’s first president, Kwame Nkrumah, who was instrumental in the country’s independence. The park houses Nkrumah’s mausoleum as well as a museum dedicated to his life. The city’s huge, colorful bazaar is known as Makola Market. Labadi Beach and Kokrobite Beach are popular seaside destinations with golden sand and a vibrant nightlife.

Guinea is a West African country with the Atlantic Ocean to its west. Mount Nimba Strict Nature Reserve, in the southeast, is well-known. The reserve protects a forested mountain range that is home to chimpanzees and the viviparous toad, among other native plants and animals.

Conakry, the capital city on the coast, houses the modern Grand Mosque as well as the National Museum, which houses regional antiques.

The city is located on the Kaloum Peninsula, which juts out into the Atlantic Ocean. The Loos Islands, located just offshore, are famed for their beaches, lush palm groves, and water sports. The massive Grand Mosque in town boasts four lofty, magnificent minarets. The vast Botanical Garden, located next to the mosque, is home to kapok trees and tropical flora.

Guinea-Bissau is a tropical country with national parks and wildlife on West Africa’s Atlantic coast. The Bijagós archipelago, which is forested and scarcely populated, is a protected biosphere reserve.

Bubaque, the major island, is part of the Orango Islands National Park, which is home to saltwater hippos. Bissau, the capital on the mainland, is a harbor city featuring Portuguese colonial structures in the old city center.

Bissau is the capital of Guinea-Bissau, which is located on the west African coast. It is located near the confluence of the Geba River and the Atlantic Ocean. The historic city core of Bissau, Bissau Velho, is littered with decaying Portuguese colonial structures. 

Fortaleza d’Amura is a nearby historic fort that is still in use by the country’s military. The war-damaged former Presidential Palace features a neoclassical facade up the road.

Kenya is an East African country with an Indian Ocean coastline. Savannah, lakelands, the majestic Great Rift Valley, and alpine highlands are also part of it. It’s also home to lions, elephants, and rhinos, among other animals.

Safaris depart from Nairobi, the capital, and visit the Maasai Mara Reserve, which is famous for its yearly wildebeest migrations, as well as Amboseli National Park, which offers views of Tanzania’s 5,895-meter Mt. Kilimanjaro.

Lesotho, a high-altitude landlocked monarchy surrounded by South Africa, is crisscrossed by a network of rivers and mountain ranges, including the 3,482-meter-high Thabana Ntlenyana peak.

Ruins from King Moshoeshoe I’s reign in the 19th century can be found on the Thaba Bosiu plateau near Maseru, Lesotho’s capital. The majestic Mount Qiloane, a lasting symbol of the nation’s Basotho people, is seen from Thaba Bosiu.

Liberia is a West African country bordered by Sierra Leone, Guinea, and Côte d’Ivoire.

The Liberia National Museum, with displays on national culture and history, is located on the Atlantic coast in Monrovia, Liberia’s capital city. Silver and CeCe are two palm-lined beaches in Monrovia.

Beach communities along the coast include the port of Buchanan and the laid-back Robertsport, which is famed for its high surf.

Libya, formally the State of Libya, is a country in North Africa’s Maghreb area, surrounded to the north by the Mediterranean Sea.

Libya’s capital and largest city is Tripoli. It is situated on the outskirts of the desert in northwest Libya, on a rocky outcropping jutting into the Mediterranean Sea and forming a bay.

Madagascar, formally the Republic of Madagascar and formerly the Malagasy Republic, is an island country in the Indian Ocean about 400 kilometers off the coast of East Africa across the Mozambique Channel.

Antananarivo, Madagascar’s capital, is located in the island’s Central Highlands. From the 17th century, the Rova of Antananarivo castle complex, which overlooks the city, was the center of the Merina monarchy. There are wooden buildings and royal graves in this area. In the adjacent Haute Ville area, the pink baroque Andafiavaratra Palace may be found. The heart-shaped Lake Anosy is surrounded by jacaranda trees in the city center.

Malawi, a landlocked country in southeastern Africa, is distinguished by its highlands, which are divided by the Great Rift Valley and the massive Lake Malawi. The lake’s southern end is part of Lake Malawi National Park, which is home to a variety of animals ranging from colorful fish to baboons, and its crystal blue waters are popular for diving and boating. The beach resorts of Peninsular Cape Maclear are well-known.

Malawi’s capital, Lilongwe, is located on the Lilongwe River. The Lilongwe Wildlife Centre’s heart is made up of wooded paths. Rescued and injured animals, such as lions, monkeys, and crocodiles, are housed in this refuge. 

The Old Town section is densely packed with shops, pubs, and restaurants. The 21st-century Chinese-built Parliament building is located in the Capital City district, often known as City Centre.

Mali is a landlocked country in West Africa, formally known as the Republic of Mali. Mali is Africa’s eighth-largest country, with a population of about 21 million people.

Bamako is Mali’s capital and largest city, with a population of 1,810,366 in 2009 and a projected population of 2.71 million by 2020. It’s near the rapids that separate the upper and middle Niger basins in the southwestern section of the country, on the Niger River. Bamako serves as the country’s administrative capital.

Mauritania is a sovereign state in Northwest Africa, formally known as the Islamic Republic of Mauritania.

Mauritania’s capital and largest city is Nouakchott. It is one of the largest cities in the Sahel and is situated on a plateau where the Sahara Desert meets the Atlantic Ocean. The city also acts as Mauritania’s administrative and economic center. The city is situated on a plateau where the Atlantic Ocean meets the Sahara Desert.

Mauritius is a small island republic in the Indian Ocean famed for its beaches, lagoons, and reefs. Black River Gorges National Park, with rainforests, waterfalls, hiking paths, and animals like as the flying fox, is located in the hilly interior.

The Champs de Mars horse race track, the Eureka plantation home, and the 18th-century Sir Seewoosagur Ramgoolam Botanical Gardens are all located in the capital of Port Louis. The Caudan Waterfront is a bustling shopping and dining district. Nearby, at the massive Central Market, traders sell local goods and handicrafts. The Blue Penny Museum is dedicated to the island’s historical, marine, and cultural history.

Montenegro is a Balkan country with rocky mountains, medieval settlements, and a thin strip of Adriatic coastline lined with beaches. The fjord-like Bay of Kotor is lined with coastal churches and fortified settlements like Kotor and Herceg Novi.

Durmitor National Park contains limestone peaks, glacial lakes, and the 1,300m-deep Tara River Canyon, which is home to bears and wolves.

The current Millennium Bridge spans the Moraa River, and the stone bridge spans the Ribnica River. Podgorica is the capital city, and its rivers and bridges include the modern Millennium Bridge over the Moraa River and the stone bridge spanning the Ribnica River.

The ancient town is dominated by the centuries-old Clock Tower, which was built by the Turks. Lake Skadar National Park, located south of the city in the Zeta-Skadar valley, is home to ancient monasteries, beaches, and species like as the Dalmatian pelican.

The Netherlands is noted for its flat landscape of canals, tulip fields, windmills, and bicycle paths.

Amsterdam, is the capital city and home to the Van Gogh Museum, the Rijksmuseum, which has works by Rembrandt and Vermeer, and the Stedelijk. The city is also home to the house where Jewish diarist Anne Frank hid during WWII. 

North Macedonia is a country in Southeast Europe that is formally known as the Republic of North Macedonia. As one of Yugoslavia’s successor states, it achieved independence in 1991.

North Macedonia’s capital and largest city is Skopje. It is the political, cultural, economic, and academic hub of the country. Skopje has been inhabited from at least 4000 BC, with Neolithic dwellings discovered within the old Kale Fortress, which overlooks the contemporary city center.

Norway is a Scandinavian country with mountains, glaciers, and deep fjords along its coast.

The capital, Oslo, is a city of parks and museums. The Viking Ship Museum in Oslo has preserved 9th-century Viking ships on display. Bergen is the starting point for cruises to the magnificent Sognefjord, with its colorful wooden buildings. Fishing, hiking, and skiing are also popular in Norway, particularly at Lillehammer’s Olympic resort.

Rhode Island, a New England state, is noted for its sandy beaches and seaside Colonial villages. It is home to a number of major communities, including Newport, which is known for its sailing and Gilded Age homes like The Breakers.

Brown University, verdant Roger Williams Park, scenic Waterplace Park, and Riverwalk, including the famous WaterFire art work, are all located in Providence, the state’s capital.

Portugal is a country in southern Europe that borders Spain on the Iberian Peninsula. Many aspects of Portugal’s culture have been influenced by its location on the Atlantic Ocean: salt cod and grilled sardines are national dishes, the Algarve beaches are a popular tourist destination, and much of the country’s architecture dates from the 1500s to the 1800s, when Portugal was a powerful maritime empire.

Lisbon is the hilly, coastal capital of Portugal. The vista from the majestic So Jorge Castle includes the pastel-colored buildings of the ancient city, the Tagus Estuary, and the Ponte 25 de Abril suspension bridge. The National Azulejo Museum, located nearby, contains colorful ceramic tiles from five centuries. From Cascais to Estoril, a line of Atlantic beaches may be seen just outside of Lisbon.

Romania is a country in Southeast Europe famed for its forested Transylvania area, which is surrounded by the Carpathian Mountains. There are many fortified churches and castles in the region, including the clifftop Bran Castle, which has long been associated with the Dracula legend.

Bucharest, Romania’s capital and commercial hub, is located in southern Romania. The huge, communist-era Palatul Parlamentului government edifice with 1,100 rooms is the city’s most recognizable landmark.

Nearby, the ancient Lipscani district has an active nightlife scene, as well as the modest Eastern Orthodox Stavropoleos Church and the 15th-century Curtea Veche Palace, which originally belonged to Prince Vlad III (“The Impaler”).

The Russian Federation, sometimes known as Russia, is a country that spans Eastern Europe and Northern Asia. It is the world’s largest country, covering 17,125,191 square kilometers and accounting for one-eighth of the planet’s livable landmass.

The nation’s cosmopolitan capital, Moscow, is located on the Moskva River in western Russia. The Kremlin, a compound that houses the president and tsarist relics in the Armoury, is located in the city’s historic heart. Red Square, Russia’s symbolic heart, is just outside its gates. The Mausoleum of Lenin, the State Historical Museum’s extensive collection, and St. Basil’s Cathedral, with its brilliant, onion-shaped domes, are all located here.

San Marino is a small mountainous microstate in northern Italy. It is one of the world’s oldest republics, with most of its historic architecture still standing. 

The capital, also known as San Marino, is located on the slopes of Monte Titano and is famed for its medieval walled old town and narrow cobblestone alleyways. The Three Towers, which date from the 11th century, are castle-like citadels perched atop Titano’s adjacent peaks.

Serbia is a landlocked country in Central and Southeast Europe, formally known as the Republic of Serbia.

Serbia’s capital, Belgrade, is located in southeast Europe. The Beogradska Tvrava, a magnificent stronghold at the junction of the Danube and the Sava rivers, is the city’s most notable feature. The fort, which currently houses numerous museums as well as Kalemegdan, a large park, is a testament to the city’s strategic importance to the Roman, Byzantine, Ottoman, Serbian, and Austrian empires.

Slovakia is a landlocked country in Central Europe, formally known as the Slovak Republic. Until January 1993, it was a part of Czechoslovakia.

Bratislava, Slovakia’s capital, is located on the Danube River, near the Austrian and Hungarian borders. Vineyards and the Little Carpathian mountains surround it, which are crisscrossed by woodland hiking and cycling trails. The vibrant taverns and cafes of the 18th-century old town, which is only accessible by foot, are well-known. The restored Bratislava Castle, perched on a hill, offers views of the old town and the Danube.

Slovenia is recognized for its mountains, ski resorts, and lakes, and is located in Central Europe. The town of Bled is located on Lake Bled, a glacial lake fed by hot springs, and features a church-topped islet and a cliffside medieval castle.

Slovenia’s capital and largest city is Ljubljana. It’s recognized for its university population and extensive open spaces, such as Tivoli Park. The city’s ancient town and economic centre are separated by the Ljubljanica River, which is surrounded with outdoor cafes. 

The National Museum of Slovenia, which hosts historic exhibitions, and the Museum of Modern Art, which houses 20th-century Slovene paintings and sculptures, are among the many museums in Ljubljana.

Spain, located on Europe’s Iberian Peninsula, is divided into 17 autonomous regions, each with its own environment and culture. The population is estimated to be at 46.7 million people.

The Royal Palace and the Prado museum, both in the capital city of Madrid, house works by European masters.

Segovia has a medieval fortress (the Alcázar) and a Roman aqueduct that is still in good condition. Antoni Gaud’s whimsical modernist structures, such as the Sagrada Famlia cathedral, define Catalonia’s city, Barcelona.

Sweden is a Scandinavian country with tens of thousands of coastline islands and inland lakes, as well as massive boreal forests and glaciated peaks.

Stockholm, the capital in the east, and Gothenburg and Malmö, in the west, are all seaside cities. Stockholm is a city made up of 14 islands. It boasts almost 50 bridges, as well as the medieval old town, Gamla Stan, royal palaces, and open-air museums like Skansen.

Switzerland is a mountainous country in Central Europe with several lakes, villages, and the Alps’ highest peaks.

The capital city of Switzerland is Bern. Its cities have medieval neighborhoods, such the Zytglogge clock tower in Bern and the wooden chapel bridge in Lucerne. Ski resorts and hiking trails are also popular in the country.

Banking and banking are important sectors, as are Swiss watches and chocolate.

Ukraine is an Eastern European country. After Russia, it is Europe’s second-largest country by area. The population is estimated to be at 43.3 million people (2021).

Kyiv, or Kiev, is Ukraine’s capital and most populous city. It is located along the Dnieper River in north-central Ukraine. Kyiv is an important Eastern European economic, scientific, educational, and cultural hub.

Ukraine is an Eastern European country. After Russia, it is Europe’s second-largest country by area. The population is estimated to be at 43.3 million people (2021).

Kyiv, or Kiev, is Ukraine’s capital and most populous city. It is located along the Dnieper River in north-central Ukraine. Kyiv is an important Eastern European economic, scientific, educational, and cultural hub.

Ukraine is an Eastern European country. After Russia, it is Europe’s second-largest country by area. The population is estimated to be at 43.3 million people (2021).

Kyiv, or Kiev, is Ukraine’s capital and most populous city. It is located along the Dnieper River in north-central Ukraine. Kyiv is an important Eastern European economic, scientific, educational, and cultural hub.

Ukraine is an Eastern European country. After Russia, it is Europe’s second-largest country by area. The population is estimated to be at 43.3 million people (2021).

Kyiv, or Kiev, is Ukraine’s capital and most populous city. It is located along the Dnieper River in north-central Ukraine. Kyiv is an important Eastern European economic, scientific, educational, and cultural hub.

Ukraine is an Eastern European country. After Russia, it is Europe’s second-largest country by area. The population is estimated to be at 43.3 million people (2021).

Kyiv, or Kiev, is Ukraine’s capital and most populous city. It is located along the Dnieper River in north-central Ukraine. Kyiv is an important Eastern European economic, scientific, educational, and cultural hub.

Ukraine is an Eastern European country. After Russia, it is Europe’s second-largest country by area. The population is estimated to be at 43.3 million people (2021).

Kyiv, or Kiev, is Ukraine’s capital and most populous city. It is located along the Dnieper River in north-central Ukraine. Kyiv is an important Eastern European economic, scientific, educational, and cultural hub.

Ukraine is an Eastern European country. After Russia, it is Europe’s second-largest country by area. The population is estimated to be at 43.3 million people (2021).

Kyiv, or Kiev, is Ukraine’s capital and most populous city. It is located along the Dnieper River in north-central Ukraine. Kyiv is an important Eastern European economic, scientific, educational, and cultural hub.

Ukraine is an Eastern European country. After Russia, it is Europe’s second-largest country by area. The population is estimated to be at 43.3 million people (2021).

Kyiv, or Kiev, is Ukraine’s capital and most populous city. It is located along the Dnieper River in north-central Ukraine. Kyiv is an important Eastern European economic, scientific, educational, and cultural hub.

Ukraine is an Eastern European country. After Russia, it is Europe’s second-largest country by area. The population is estimated to be at 43.3 million people (2021).

Kyiv, or Kiev, is Ukraine’s capital and most populous city. It is located along the Dnieper River in north-central Ukraine. Kyiv is an important Eastern European economic, scientific, educational, and cultural hub.