Who was Alexander the Great?
Alexander the Great was one of the most successful military commanders in history. He was born in 356 BC in Pella, Macedonia, and was educated by the famous philosopher Aristotle. At the age of twenty, he became the king of Macedonia after his father was assassinated. He then embarked on a series of military campaigns that resulted in the conquest of most of the known world at that time.
His Impact on the World and Why he is Still Remembered Today?
Alexander the Great was one of the most successful military commanders in history. He was born in 356 BC in Pella, Macedonia, and was educated by Aristotle. At the age of 20, he became the king of Macedonia after his father’s death.
During his reign, Alexander conquered much of the known world. He defeated the Persians and drove them out of Asia Minor. He then invaded India but was forced to turn back because his troops mutinied.
After Alexander died in 323 BC, his empire was divided among his generals. However, his legacy lived on and he is still remembered today as one of the greatest conquerors in history.
The Political World Before Alexander the Great.
In the centuries before the reign of Alexander the Great, the political world was one of great turmoil and change. Kingdoms rose and fell, and new empires emerged. This was a time of great upheaval, and it was difficult to predict which way the political winds would blow.
One of the most powerful empires of this time was that of the Persians, who ruled over a vast territory. The Persians were a major force to be reckoned with, and their empire was a major power in the political world.
Another major power during this time was that of the Greeks. The Greeks were a proud people who had their own strong sense of identity. They were often at odds with the Persians, but they were also a major power in their own right.
The political world before Alexander the Great was one of great change and turmoil.
The Early Years: Alexander’s Childhood and Education.
Alexander the Great was one of the most successful military commanders in history. He was born on July 20th 356 BC in Pella, the ancient capital of Macedon. His father was Philip II, who became king of Macedon in 359 BC. His mother was Olympias, a princess from Epirus.
Aristotle was Alexander’s tutor in 343 BC though he had other tutors at a younger age. Aristotle taught him many things, including logic, ethics, and rhetoric. Alexander particularly liked reading Homer’s Iliad and it is said he got some of his aspirations from the book.
Aristotle also introduced him to the world of science and philosophy. The values that Aristotle taught Alexander helped turn him from a young rebel into one of the greatest conquerors of all time.
The Macedonian Campaign: How Alexander Became King of Macedonia.
When Philip II of Macedon was murdered in 336 BC, his twenty-year-old son Alexander inherited a powerful yet volatile kingdom. With an experienced army of 40,000 at his disposal, Alexander began his campaign to conquer the Persian Empire in 334 BC.
In the first year of his campaign, Alexander achieved resounding success against the Persians. He defeated Darius III in two key battles, at Issus and Gaugamela. This allowed him to capture the Persian capital of Susa and claim the title of ‘King of Kings’.
The Egyptian Empire: Alexander’s Rule in Egypt.
In 331 BC, Alexander the Great began his campaign to conquer the Persian Empire. After defeating the Persians, he turned his attention to Egypt. In November of that year, Alexander’s army defeated the Egyptians at the Battle of Gaugamela. After his victory, Alexander became the Pharaoh of Egypt.
Alexander’s rule in Egypt was characterized by peace and prosperity. He instituted several reforms, including establishing Alexandria as a center of learning. He also commissioned the construction of a new capital city, Alexandria, which became one of the largest and most prosperous cities in the world. Under Alexander’s rule, Egypt became one of the richest and most powerful empires in the world.
However, after Alexander died his empire quickly fell apart. His generals fought each other for control over his vast territories.
The Persian Campaign: How Alexander Conquered the Persian Empire.
In the spring of 334 BC, Alexander the Great led his army on a campaign to conquer the Persian Empire. The Persians had been one of the most powerful empires in the world for centuries, and Alexander was determined to add them to his growing list of conquests.
After defeating the Persian army at the Battle of Gaugamela, he captured their capital, Susa. He then moved on to capture Persepolis, the ceremonial capital of the Persian Empire. This was a major victory for Alexander, as it effectively ended Persian rule over their vast empire.
The Indian Campaign: How Alexander Invaded India.
In 327 BC, Alexander the Great crossed the Hindu Kush Mountains into the northwestern region of the Indian subcontinent. This campaign was one of his most ambitious military ventures, and it would ultimately prove to be his undoing. Nevertheless, Alexander’s march into India was a remarkable feat of endurance and perseverance.
Forged in the crucible of battle, Alexander was a master strategist and tactician. He quickly conquered Persia and Egypt before embarking on his Indian campaign. After crossing the Hindu Kush, he met with fierce resistance from the local tribes. However, Alexander prevailed thanks to his military prowess and the strength of his forces.
The Indian campaign was one of Alexander’s most impressive achievements. Through his military genius, he was able to conquer a vast and unfamiliar territory. However, this campaign would also ultimately lead to his downfall.
The Return Home: Alexander’s Final Years and Death.
On the 13th of June 323 BC, Alexander the Great is thought to have died of Malaria in Babylon. He was just 32 year of age.
Alexander’s body was returned to his homeland of Macedonia and buried in a tomb fit for a king.
After his death, his body was mummified and placed in a golden coffin. In his will, Alexander had asked that he be buried in Egypt.
However, due to the political situation at the time of his death, his body was instead taken back to Macedonia by his general and companion Ptolemy I Soter. Ptolemy placed Alexander’s body in a glass sarcophagus in Alexandria.
The location of Alexander’s tomb has been lost over time and it is now unknown where his remains are located.
What Legacy did Alexander the Great Leave Behind?
In conclusion, Alexander the Great was one of the most successful military commanders in history. He conquered most of the known world and established the largest empire in the ancient world. His legacy is complex and contested, but his impact on Western culture is undeniable.
Many of the countries he conquered remain part of the same country today. The city of Alexandria, Egypt is named after him.
Fontes: Notícias THX, Britannica & Biografia.